Manual Therapy, Posturology & Rehabilitation Journal
https://app.periodikos.com.br/journal/mtprehab/article/doi/10.17784/mtprehabjournal.2015.13.329
Manual Therapy, Posturology & Rehabilitation Journal
Research Article

The trunk extensor flexor relationship in men and women by isokinetic dynamometry

Simbala, Marcia; Czaikoski, Camila Ksaveria; Eduardo, Fernanda Maria Cercal; Moser, Auristela Duarte de Lima; Bernardelli, Rafaella Stradiotto

Downloads: 0
Views: 441

Abstract

Introduction: The thoracolumbar musculature plays a key role in the balance and stability of the pelvis. The isokinetic dynamometer provides accurate assessment of muscle performance and treatment guidance. Objective: To compare the flexors / extensors of the trunk link between sedentary men and women, asymptomatic by isokinetic dynamometry. Method: An observational cross-sectional study. The sample consisted of 100 asymptomatic sedentary volunteers, 50 males and 50 females with a mean age of 22.2 ± 3.3 years. The collection was made in the center of isokinetic dynamometry of the university grew. The Cybex Norm isokinetic dynamometer Model 7000 TM, trunk module was used. The subjects were weighed and measured, made global warming a 5 minutes cycle ergometer unloaded. Tested the flexor and extensor muscles in concentric and eccentric contractions, with an interval of three minutes between each assessment. We adopted a range of 10 degrees of extension to 70 degrees of flexion, with five repetitions at angular velocity 60 ͨ / s performing maximal strength. Familiarity with the equipment was done in the way of submaximal intensity contraction. The analysis was performed using SPSS, version 20.0 (p <0.05). Results: muscle ratio for females was higher compared to males, demonstrating in men greater deficit flexors compared to extensors of the trunk. Conclusion: no significant neither for females nor for males difference. Confirming that the ratio of muscle strength agonist/antagonist of a joint should not change regardless of the mode of contraction is tested.

Keywords

Isokinetic dynamometer, Isokinetic evaluation, Flexors and extensors ratio, Peak torque.

References

1. World health organization. Department of Chronic Diseases and Health Promotion and Chronic Respiratory Diseases and Arthritis. Disponível em http://www.who.int/chp/topics/rheumatic/en/Visualisado em 06/11/2013.

2. Freitas CDD, Greve JMD. Estudo comparativo entre exercícios com dinamômetro isocinético e bola terapêutica na lombalgia crônica de origem mecânica. Fisioterapia e Pesquisa. 2008;15(4):380-386.

3. Cho KH, Beom JW, Lee TS, Lim JH, Lee TH, Yuk JH. Trunk muscles strength as a risk factor for nonspecific low back pain: a pilot study. Ann Rehabil Med. 2014;38(2):234-40.

4. Gouveia KMC, Gouveia EC. O Músculo Transverso abdominal e sua função de estabilização da coluna lombar. Fisioterapia em Movimento. 2008;21(3):45-50.

5. Kolinyak IEG, Cavalcanti SMB, Aoki MS. Avaliação isocinética da musculatura envolvida na flexão e extensão do tronco: efeito do método Pilates. Rev Bras Med Esporte. 2004;10(6):487-90.

6. Yahia A, Ghroubi S, Kharrat O, Jribi S, Elleuch M, Elleuch MH. A study of isokinetic trunk and knee muscle strength in patients with chronic sciatica. Ann Phys Rehabil Med. 2010;53(4):239–249.

7. Terreri ASAP, Greve JMD, Amatuzzi MM. Avaliação isocinética no joelho do atleta. Rev Bras Med Esporte. 2001;7(5):170-174.

8. Pinho L, Dias RC, Souza TR, Freire TF, Tavares CF, DIAS JMD. Avaliação isocinética da função muscular do quadril e do tornozelo em idosos que sofrem quedas. Rev. bras. fisioter. 2005;9(1):93-99.

9. Carvalho J, Oliveira J, Magalhães J, Ascensão A, Mota J, Soares JMC. Efeito de um programa de treino em idosos: comparação da avaliação isocinética e isotônica. Rev paul Educ Fís, São Paulo. 2003;17(1):74-84.

10. Bittencourt NFN, Amaral GM, Anjos MTS, D’Alessandro R, Silva, AA, Fonseca ST. Avaliação muscular isocinética da articulação do joelho em atletas das seleções brasileiras infanto e juvenil de voleibol masculino. Rev Bras Med Esporte. 2005;11(6):331-336.

11. Aquino CF, Vaz DV, Bricio RS, Silva PLP, Ocarino JM, Fonseca ST. A utilização da dinamometria isocinética nas ciências do esporte e reabilitação. R. Bras. Ci. e Mov. 2007;15(1):93-100.

12. Andrews H, Harrison W. Reabilitação física das lesões desportivas. 2a ed. Rio de Janeiro: Guanabara Koogan, 2005.

13. Karataş GK, Göğüş F, Meray J. Reliability of isokinetic trunk muscle strength measurement. Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 2002;81(2):79-85.

14. Guilhem G, Giroux C, Couturier A, Maffiuletti NA. Validity of trunk extensor and flexor torque measurements using isokinetic dynamometry. J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 2014 Dec;24(6):986-93.

15. Silva NM, Simões R, Granjeiro NJA, Cardone CP. Avaliação Isocinética da Força Muscular em Atletas Profissionais de Futebol Feminino. Rev Bras Med Esporte. 2010;16(1):33-35.

16. Gomez HB, Zarco RC, Arias DC, Garcia MPD, Hernandez SRL, Martinez E. Valoración isocinética del tronco en sujetos assintomáticos del Centro Nacional de Rehabilitación Acta Ortopédica Mexicana. 2005;19(2):49-55.

17. Hamil J, Knutzen KN. Bases biomecânicas do movimento humano. São Paulo: Manole, 2003.

18. GIL AC. Como elaborar projetos de pesquisa. 5. ed. São Paulo: Atlas, 2010. 19. Kendall FP, Mccreary EK, Provance PG. Músculos: provas e funções. 3. Ed. São Paulo: Manole, 1986.

20. CYBEX NORMTM, TESTING & REHABILITATION SYSTEM. Service & Parts Manual For CYBEX NORM Manufactured from 1995 to 2003. Computer Sports Medicine. 1995-2007.

21. Secchi LLB, Murati MD, Andrade NVS, Greve JMA. Dinamometria isocinética de tronco em nadadores de diferentes estilos. Acta Ortopédica Brasileira. 2010;18(5):295-7.

22. Vanherp G, Rowe P, Salter P, Paul JP. Three-dimensional lombar spinal kinematics: a study of range of movement in 100 healthy subjects agend 20 to 60+ years. Rheumatology. 2000;39:1337-1340.

23. Godjes JJ, Macrae H, Longdon C, Tinber C, Macrae PG. The effects of two stretching procedures on hip range of motion and gait economy. Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports physical Therapy. 1989;10(9):350-7.

24. Magalhães J, Oliveira J, Ascenção A, Soares JMC. Avaliação isocinética da força muscular de atletas em função do desporto praticado, idade, sexo e posições específicas. Revista Portuguesa de Ciências do Desporto. 2001;1(2):13–21.

25. Delitto A, Rose SJ, Grandell CE, Strube MJ. Reliability of isokinetc measurements of trunk muscle performance. Spine. 1991;16(7):800-3. 26. Dvir Z. Isocinética: avaliações musculares, interpretações e aplicações clínicas. São Paulo: Manole, 2002.

27. Zakas A, Doganis G, Papagandnopus V, Sentelidis T, Vamakoudis E. Acute effects of static stretching duraction on isokinectic peak torque production off soccher players. Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies. 2006;10:89-95.

28. LaStayo PC, Woolf JM, Lewek MD, Snyder-Mackler L, Reich T, Lindstedt SL. Eccentric muscle contractions: their contribution to injury, prevention, rehabilitation, and sport. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2003 Oct;33(10):557- 71.

29. Lindstedt SL, LaStayo PC, Reich TE. When active muscles lengthen: properties and consequences of eccentric contractions. News Physiol Sci. 2001 Dec;16:256-61.

30. Pull MR, Ranson C. Eccentric muscle actions: implications for injury prevention and rehabilitation. Physical Therapy in Sport. 2007;8:88-97.

31. Mchugh MP, Pasiakos S. The role of exercising muscle length in the protective adaptation to a single bout of eccentric exercise. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2004 Dec;93(3):286-93.

588167e47f8c9d710a8b45bf mtprehab Articles
Links & Downloads

Man. Ther., Posturology Rehabil. J.

Share this page
Page Sections