Manual Therapy, Posturology & Rehabilitation Journal
https://app.periodikos.com.br/journal/mtprehab/article/doi/10.17784/mtprehabjournal.2019.17.679
Manual Therapy, Posturology & Rehabilitation Journal
Research Article

Comparison of the quality of life of elderly people practicing physical activities and competitive sports games.

Valter Mariano dos Santos Júnior, Marieli Ramos Stocco, Márcia Regina Aversani Lourenço, Juliano Casonatto, Denilson de Castro Teixeira

Downloads: 2
Views: 286

Abstract

Background: With increasing life expectancy and decreasing fertility rate the aging population is growing significantly, requiring actions that enable melhoraras health and quality of life of older people. Objective: This study aimed compare the perception of quality of life among elderly participants of a traditional exercise program performed in a Basic Health Units (EF-BHU) with practitioners of competitive sports that participate in the Senior Regional Games (JORI). Methods: The study involved 98 subjects of both sexes, aged over 60 years living in Votuporanga, SP, Brazil. Information have been raised as to the sociodemographic profile, health status, gender, age and quality of life through the WHOQOL-BREF questionnaire and WHOQOL-OLD. The numerical variables (age and education) were compared (inter-group) using the test Mann-Whitney. The chi-square test was used to analyze the associations in categorical variables. The “scores” of quality of life questionnaire (numerical) were classified, so that those subjects with levels located at quartile 4 (Q4) were designated “high” and peers located in other quartiles (Q1, Q2 and Q3) designated “low”. For associations “2x2” (physical activity practiced x quality of life) was employed again the chi-square test. Variables with P<0.2 were subjected to the logistic regression model (Univariate) Poisson with robust adjustment of variance. Then, those variables that were statistically significant (P<0.05) in the univariate model, were subjected to the adjusted model. Results: The results indicate that the elderly have JORI median age less than EF-UBS elderly (64 versus 67 years, p <0.01) higher education (10 versus 02 years, p <0.01) and have more positive perceptions related to their housing, income and health. Regarding the quality of life of the JORI elderly have more positive perceptions in various dimensions in relation to EF-UBS elderly). Conclusion: We can conclude that elderly JORI, in general, have more positive perceptions of quality of life in relation to the EF-UBS elderly.

Keywords

Aging; Sport Games; Quality of life; Seniors; Physical Exercise.

References

1. Puciato D, Borysiuk Z, Rozpara M. Quality of life and physical activity in an older working-age population. Clinical Interventions in Aging. 2017; 12:1627–34.

2. Machón M, Larrañaga I, Dorronsoro M, Vrotsou K, Vergara I. Health-related quality of life and associated factors in functionally independent older people. BMC Geriatrics. 2017; 14;17(1):19.

3. Souza LA, Fernandes AB, Patrizzi LJ, Walsh IAP, Shimano SGN. Efeitos de um treino multissensorial supervisionado por seis semanas no equilíbrio e na qualidade de vida de idosos. Medicina (Ribeirão Preto. Online). 2016; 49(3):223-231.

4. Yang Y, Bekemeier B, Choi J. Health-related Quality of Life and Related Factors among Rural Residents in Cambodia. Iran J Public Health. 2017; 46(3):422-24.

5. Rocha CAQC, Guimarães AC, Pereira IMO, Cader SA, Dantas EHM. Efeitos de um programa de ativi dade física sobre o nível de qualidade de vida de idosos participantes do PSF. Rev Científica da FAMINAS. 2008; 4(2):85-96.

6. Pucci GCMF, Rech CR, Fermino RC, Reis RS. Associação entre atividade física e qualidade de vida em adultos. Revista de Saúde Pública. 2012; 46(1):166-79.

7. Höfelmann DA, Gonzalez-Chica DA, Peres KG, Boing AF, Peres MA. Chronic diseases and socioeconomic inequalities in quality of life among Brazilian adults: findings from a population-based study in Southern Brazil. European Journal of Public Health,. 2018; 28(4): 603-10.

8. Tavares DMS, Corrêa TAF, Dias FA, Ferreira PCS, Pegorari MS. Frailty syndrome and socioeconomic and health characteristics among older adults. Colombia Médica. 2017; 48(3): 126-131.

9. Conrad I, Matschinger H, Riedel-Heller S, Gottberg CV, Kilian R. The psychometric properties of the German version of the WHOQOL-OLD in the German population aged 60 and older. Health Qual Life Outcomes. 2014;5;12:105.

10. Kekäläinen T, Kokko K, Sipilä S, Walker S. Efects of a 9-month resistance training intervention on quality of life, sense of coherence, and depressive symptoms in older adults: randomized controlled trial. Qual Life Res. 2018; 27(2): 455-65.

11. Silva JF, Nascimento Júnior JRA, Araújo APS, Oliveira DV. Análise comparativa da qualidade de vida de idosas praticantes de exercícios físicos em centros esportivos e nas academias da terceira idade. Revista Brasileira de Ciências do Envelhecimento Humano. 2016; 13(3):285-298.

12. Vagetti GC, Filho VCB, Moreira NB, Oliveira V, Mazzardo O, Campos W. Association between physical activity and quality of life in the elderly: a systematic review, 2000-2012. Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria. 2014; 36(1): 76–88.

13. Correia MM. Jogos Cooperativos Perpectivas, Possibilidades e Desafios na Educação Física Escolar. Revista Brasileira de Ciências do Esporte. 2006; 27(2): 149-64.

14. Fleck MP, Chachamovich E, Trentini C. Development and validation of the Portuguese version of the WHOQOL-OLD module. Revista Saúde Pública. 2006; 40(5):785-91.

15. Paiva MHP, Pegorari MS, Nascimento JS, Santos AS. Factors associated with quality of life among the elderly in the community of the southern triangle macro-region, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Ciência Saúde Coletiva. 2016; 21(11): 3347-3356.

16. Fleck MPA, Louzada S, Xavier M, Chachamovich E, Vieira G, Santos L, et al. Application of the Portuguese version of the abbreviated instrument of quality life WHOQOL-bref. Journal of Public Health. 2000; 34(2):178-83.

17. Barboza BHV, Gurjão ALD, Filho JCJ, Gonçalves R, Gobbi S. Age-related decline on rate of force development and the effect of resistance training in older women. Acta Fisiátr.2009;16(1):4-9

18. Swift DL, Johannsen NM, Lavie CJ, Earnest CP, Church TS. The Role of Exercise and Physical Activity in Weight Loss and Maintenance. Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases. 2014; 56(4):441–47.

19. Amthauer C, Falk JW. Discursos dos profissionais de saúde da família na ótica da assistência à saúde do idoso. Rev Fund Care Online. 2017; 9(1):99-105.

20. Meneghini V, Barbosa AR, Mello ALSF, Bonetti A, Guimarães AV. Perception of the elderly regarding participation in exergaming-based exercise: a qualitative study. Ciência & Saúde Coletiva. 2016;21(4): 1033-41.

21. Andrade AINPA, Martins RML. Funcionalidade Familiar e Qualidade de Vida dos Idosos. Millenium. 2011; 40:185‐99.

22. Pissinati PSC, Haddad MCFL, Dalmas JC, Birolim MM. Socio-demographic and occupational factors associated with gains and losses perceived by employees nearing retirement in a public university. Cad Saúde Pública. 2016; 10;32(9):e00141415.

23. Caballero FF, Miret M, Power M, Chatterji S, Tobiasz-Adamczyk B, Koskinen S, et al. Validation of an instrument to evaluate quality of life in the aging population: WHOQOL-AGE. Health Qual Life Outcomes. 2013;11:177.

24. Alexandre TS, Cordeiro RC, Ramos LR. Factors associated to quality of life in active elderly. Rev Saúde Pública. 2009; 43(4):613-21.

25. Castro PC, Driusso P, Oishi J. Convergent validity between SF-36 and WHOQOL-BREF in older adults. Rev Saúde Pública. 2014; 48(1):63-7.

5c8fda0d0e8825675c122984 mtprehab Articles
Links & Downloads

Man. Ther., Posturology Rehabil. J.

Share this page
Page Sections