Manual Therapy, Posturology & Rehabilitation Journal
Manual Therapy, Posturology & Rehabilitation Journal
Research Article

Association between sociodemographic, anthropometric variables, life habits and postural balance of pregnant women: a cross-sectional study

Vanessa Patrícia Soares de Sousa; Alethéa Cury; Sara Estéfani Soares de Sousa; Silvia Oliveira Ribeiro; Elizabel de Souza Ramalho Viana

Downloads: 0
Views: 276


Background: Researchers have sought to evaluate the relationship between sociodemographic characteristics and life habits in maintaining the postural balance of specific populations. However, studies based on analyzing in detail the influence of these factors on this body function in pregnant women are scarce. Objective: To analyze the association between sociodemographic, obstetric, anthropometric and lifestyle characteristics and changes in postural balance in pregnant women. Method: Cross-sectional study carried out from February 2012 to March 2015 at the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN). The sample consisted of 263 pregnant women. Balance Master System® (NeuroCom, Clackamas, USA) was used for balance evaluation. The bivariate analysis was performed by applying the chi-square test (x2 ). Results: The results suggest that the absence of alterations in the variables related to static postural balance is associated with higher levels of education, higher income and age over 29 years (x2 = 4.73, P = 0.03). In addition, during the evaluation of the dynamic balance, it was verified that the absence of abnormalities is related to income higher than 4 minimum wages (x2 = 3.98, P = 0.04), while changes in lateral displacement were associated with lower body weight (up to 68 kg) (x2 = 12.2, P = 0.03). Conclusion: There is an association between sociodemographic characteristics, life habits and changes in the postural balance of pregnant women.


Income Age, Gestational Age, Pregnancy, Postural Equilibrium.


1. Butler EE, Colón I, Druzin ML, Rose J. Postural equilibrium during pregnancy: decreased stability with an increased reliance on visual cues. Rev. J Obstet Gynecol. 2006;195(4):1104–8.

2. Ersal T, McCrory JL, Sienko KH. Theoretical and experimental indicators of falls during pregnancy as assessed by postural perturbations. Gait Posture. 2014;39(1):218–23.

3. Mann L, Kleinpaul JF, Teixeira CS, Mota CB. Influência dos sistemas sensoriais na manutenção do equilíbrio em gestantes. Fisioter em Mov. 2011;24(2):315–25.

4. Rodríguez López S, Nilsson C, Lund R, Montero P, Fernández-Ballesteros R, Avlund K. Educational differences in mobility: the contribution of physical workload, obesity, smoking and chronic conditions. J Epidemiol Community Heal. 2006;61(2):139–45.

5. Yi LC, Neves ALS, Areia M, Neves JMO, de Souza TP, Caranti DA. Influênncia do índice de massa corporal no equilíbrio e na configuração plantar em obesos adultos. Rev Bras Med do Esporte. 2014;20(1):70–3.

6. Greve JMDA, Cuǧ M, Dülgeroǧlu D, Brech GC, Alonso AC. Relationship between anthropometric factors, gender, and balance under unstable conditions in young adults. Biomed Res Int. 2013. http://dx.doi. org/10.1155/2013/850424

7. McCrory JL, Chambers AJ, Daftary A, Redfern MS. Dynamic postural stability in pregnant fallers and non-fallers. BJOG An Int J Obstet Gynaecol. 2010;117(8):954–62.

8. Sit-to-Stand: Functional Limitation Assessments: NeuroCom - Products: Protocols [acess in: 2016 Jan]. Avaliable in:

9. Faraldo-García A, Santos-Pérez S, Crujeiras R, Soto-Varela A. Postural changes associated with ageing on the sensory organization test and the limits of stability in healthy subjects. Auris Nasus Larynx. 2016;43(2):149– 54.

10. Alexander NB. Postural Control in Older Adults. J Am Geriatr Soc .1994;42(1):93–108.

11. O’Hagan C, O’Connell B. The relationship between patient blood pathology values and patient falls in an acute-care setting: a retrospective analysis. Int J Nurs Pract. 2005; 11(4):161–8.

12. Jalali MM, Gerami H, Heidarzadeh A, Soleimani R. Balance performance in older adults and its relationship with falling. Aging Clin Exp Res . 2015;27(3):287–96.

13. Stevens KN, Lang IA, Guralnik JM, Melzer D. Epidemiology of balance and dizziness in a national population: findings from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing. Age Ageing. 2008;37(3):300–5.

14. Aguiar L, Santos-Rocha R, Vieira F, Branco M, Andrade C, Veloso A. Comparison between overweight due to pregnancy and due to added weight to simulate body mass distribution in pregnancy. Gait Posture 2015;42(4):511–7.

15. McCrory JL, Chambers A, Daftary A, Redfern MS. Dynamic postural stability during advancing pregnancy. J Biomech. 2010;43(12):2434–9.

16. De Conti MHS, Calderon I de MP, Rudge MVC. Desconfortos músculoesqueléticos na gestação: uma visão obstétrica e fisioterápica. Femina. 2003;31(6):531–5.

17. Lou S, Chou Y, Chou P, Lin C, Chen U. Sit-to-stand at different periods of pregnancy. Clin Biomech. 2001;16:194–8.

18. Nagai M, Isida M, Saitoh J, Hirata Y, Natori H, Wada M. Characteristics of the control of standing posture during pregnancy. Neurosci Lett. 2009;462(2):130–4.

19. Błaszczyk JW, Opala-Berdzik A, Plewa M. Adaptive changes in spatiotemporal gait characteristics in women during pregnancy. Gait Posture. 2015;43:160–4.

20. Hue O, Simoneau M, Marcotte J, Berrigan F, Doré J, Marceau P, et al. Body weight is a strong predictor of postural stability. Gait Posture. 2007;26(1):32–8.

21. Harrod CS, Chasan-Taber L, Reynolds RM, Fingerlin TE, Glueck DH, Brinton JT, et al. Physical activity in pregnancy and neonatal body composition: the Healthy Start study. Obstet Gynecol. 2014;124:257–64.

5aa7d2560e88253e73dfad75 mtprehab Articles
Links & Downloads

Man. Ther., Posturology Rehabil. J.

Share this page
Page Sections